Arqueología de la Arquitectura, No 11 (2014)

La chiesa dei Santi Sergio e Bacco, Umm as-Surab (Giordania). Risultati storico-costruttivi dall’analisi archeologica degli elevati


https://doi.org/10.3989/arq.arqt.2014.015

Piero Gilento
Building Archaeology in Jordan project. Università di Siena, Italia

Resumen


[it] Il contributo di seguito presentato illustra i risultati delle indagini archeologiche effettuate sugli elevati della chiesa dei Santi Sergio e Bacco nel villaggio di Umm as-Surab, Giordania settentrionale. L’edificio, ancora relativamente ben conservato, è considerato dalla letteratura specialistica come una tra le chiese più interessanti del sud Hawrān per alcune caratteristiche tecnico-strutturali, tra cui l’alta torre costruita sulla prothesis. L’ analisi dei resti materiali ci ha permesso di individuare una sequenza edilizia suddivisa in cinque periodi e di approfondire le dinamiche di cantiere. Ci siamo inoltre concentrati sull’individuazione delle principali tecniche costruttive (murature, aperture, archi e pilastri), che faranno parte di un più ampio Atlante Cronotipologico della regione dello Hawrān. Con questi nuovi dati abbiamo ulteriormente riflettuto sulle tipologie edilizie della torre e della chiesa, cercando di contribuire al dibattito corrente.

Palabras clave


Hawrān; villaggi rurali; epoca bizantina; periodo islamico; tecniche costruttive; rilievo tridimensionale

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