Arqueología de la Arquitectura, No 12 (2015)

Due antichi quartieri romani sotto la lente di ingrandimento: un’analisi space syntax dei quartieri delle città antiche e della loro vita sociale


https://doi.org/10.3989/arq.arqt.2015.125

Hanna Stöger
University of Leiden, Países Bajos

Eraldo Brandimarte
Knevel Architecten, Países Bajos

Resumen


El estudio de los vecindarios y el uso social del espacio habitado son temas de interés creciente. Mediante la combinación de métodos arqueológicos y space syntax, este artículo ofrece nuevas formas de analizar el entorno físico de la vida cotidiana en las ciudades romanas. El examen detallado de dos bloques urbanos en Ostia (la ciudad portuaria de Roma en época imperial) nos ha permitido identificar espacios que fomentan la cohesión social y la vida en comunidad. El uso común de patios y pasillos en el Bloque IV ii sugiere un uso comunal continuado desde el siglo II hasta el siglo V d. C. En claro contraste con este sector, el Bloque IV iv no tiene espacios comunes y muestra edificios aislados con accesos individuales al espacio público. El Bloque IV ii disfruta de espacios compartidos dentro de su propio perímetro, mientras que el Bloque IV iv parece estar orientado por el interés de comunidades externas con actividades desarrolladas hacia la calle creando cierto aislamiento del bloque. Estos resultados muestran la flexibilidad de las estructuras urbanas romanas y nos permiten atisbar la actividad de comunidades que permitieron el desarrollo sostenible de la ciudad en procesos de larga duración.

Palabras clave


Arqueología romana; Ostia; ciudades portuarias; space syntax; vecindarios urbanos; vida en comunidad

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