Arqueología de la Arquitectura, No 13 (2016)

Reconsideraciones sobre materiales cerámicos romanos de construcción: economía, logística y factores sociales en el suministro de tejas a Dorchester en el Támesis, Oxfordshire

Edward C. Peveler

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/arq.arqt.2016.164

Resumen


Este trabajo analiza el suministro de materiales constructivos cerámicos de época romana de Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. La mineralogía y la composición química del material latericio se han analizado con láminas delgadas y microscopía electrónica de barrido. En el caso de esta “pequeña ciudad” romana se ha demostrado la presencia de una producción local de tegulae que, en ocasiones, se transportaban a 50 Km de distancia por carretera. La composición del material empleado para la fabricación de algunas tegulae es análoga a la utilizada en la producción de grandes jarras de almacenamiento en las cercanías del parque de Stowe, Buckinghamshire. En este sentido, se analizan los mecanismos y la logística que permitieron la producción y el transporte a larga distancia de estos materiales y se discuten los factores sociales y económicos que intervinieron en su proceso de producción y adquisición. El estudio demuestra, además, la importancia de la investigación de estos elementos constructivos sencillos que ofrecen para registro arqueológico informaciones y visibilidad a los estratos sociales más bajos.

Palabras clave


Bretaña romana; Materiales de construcción cerámicos (CBM); Tegulae; cerámica de color rosatemplado; Comercio; Transporte por carretera; Microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM); Lámina delgada; Petrografía

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